엠마 왓슨의 감동적인 유엔 연설이 화제다.
영화 해리포터 시리즈에 출연한 세계적인 여배우 엠마 왓슨은 21일(현지 시간) 뉴욕의 유엔본부에서 양성평등을 위한 캠페인 히포쉬(HeForShe)의 시작을 알리는 연설을 했다.
HeForShe 캠페인은 양성평등을 위한 활동에 10만 명의 남성과 소년을 참여시키는 것을 목표로 하고 있다.
다음은 허핑턴포스트US에서 보도한 엠마 왓슨 연설문 요지다.
유엔여성친선대사인 엠마 왓슨과 반기문 유엔 사무총장
저는 6개월 전에 여성친선대사로 지명됐습니다. 그 뒤 제가 페미니즘에 대해 발언하면 할수록 여성의 권리 확보를 위한 싸움이 늘 남성을 증오하는 것과 같은 의미가 된다는 사실을 깨달았습니다. 제가 분명히 알게 된 한가지 사실은 이 같은 현실이 바뀌어야 한다는 것입니다.
페미니즘의 정의는 남성과 여성이 동등한 권리와 기회를 가져야 한다는 것이라고 알고 있습니다. 이는 양성의 정치적, 경제적, 사회적 평등을 뜻합니다.
저는 남성들에게 이런 일에 함께 참여하기를 공식적으로 초청합니다. 양성평등 문제는 여러분의 문제이기도 하기 때문입니다.
우리는 종종 남성이 성고정관념에 갇혀 있다고 말합니다. 남성들이 그런 고정 관념에서 자유로워지면 자연스럽게 여성을 위한 변화는 일어날 것입니다.
저는 남성들이 이 같은 역할을 맡아주기를 바랍니다. 그리하면 여러분의 딸과 오누이와 어머니들이 편견에서 벗어나게 될 것입니다.
이는 그녀들의 아들들 또한 나약한 인간이라는 것을 인정하고, 자신들이 버렸던 자신들의 부분을 되찾아 보다 진실하고 완벽한 자신으로 거듭날 수 있게 해줄 것입니다.
다음은 엠마 왓슨의 연설문 전문이다.
Today, we are launching a campaign called HeForShe. I am reaching out to you before we need your help. We want to end gender inequality and to do this, we need everyone involved. This is the first campaign of its kind at the UN. We want to try to galvanise as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for change and we don’t just want to talk about it. We want to try and make sure that it’s tangible.
I was appointed as Goodwill Ambassador for U.N. Women six months ago and the more I’ve spoken about feminism, the more I have realized that fighting for women’s rights has too often become synonymous with man-hating. If there is one thing I know for certain, it is that this has to stop.
For the record, feminism, by definition, is the belief that men and women should have equal rights and opportunities. It is the theory of the political, economic and social equality of the sexes. I started questioning gender-based assumptions a long time ago.
When I was 8, I was confused about being called ‘bossy’ because I wanted to direct the plays that we would put on for our parents. But the boys were not. When at 14, I started to be sexualized by certain elements of the media, when at 15, my girlfriends started dropping out of their beloved sports teams, because they didn’t want to appear ‘muscle-y,’ when at 18, my male friends were unable to express their feelings, I decided that I was a feminist. And this seems uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word.
Women are choosing not to identify as feminists. Apparently, I am among the ranks of women whose expressions are seen as too strong, ‘too aggressive,’ isolating and anti-men, unattractive, even. Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one?
I am from Britain and I think it is right that I am paid the same as my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should be able to make decisions about my own body, I think [applause break] ... I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and the decisions that affect my life. I think it is right that socially, I am afforded the same respect as men.
But sadly, I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights. No country in the world can yet say that they have achieved gender equality. These rights, I consider to be human rights but I am one of the lucky ones, my life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn’t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn’t assume that I would go less far because I might give birth to a child one day. These influencers are the gender equality ambassadors that made me who I am today.
They may not know it, but they are the inadvertent feminists who are changing the world today. We need more of those and if you still hate the word, it is not the word that is important. It’s the idea and the ambition behind it. Because not all women have received the same rights that I have. In fact, statistically, very few have been.
In 1997, Hillary Clinton made a famous speech in Beijing about women’s rights. Sadly, many of the things that she wanted to change are still true today. But what stood out for me the most was that less than 30 per cent of the audience were male. How can we affect change in the world when only half of it is invited or feel welcome to participate in the conversation?
Men, I would like to take this opportunity to extend your formal invitation.” [Applause break] “Gender equality is your issue too. Because to date, I’ve seen my father’s role as a parent being valued less by society despite my needing his presence, as a child, as much as my mother’s. I’ve seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask for help, for fear it would make them less of a man. In fact, in the U.K., suicide is the biggest killer of men, between 20 to 49, eclipsing road accidents, cancer and coronary heart disease. I’ve seen men made fragile and insecure by a distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don’t have the benefits of equality, either.
We don’t want to talk about men being imprisoned by gender stereotypes but I can see that they are. When they are free, things will change for women as a natural consequence. If men don’t have to be aggressive, women won’t be compelled to be submissive. If men don’t need to control, women won’t have to be controlled.
It is time that we all see gender as a spectrum instead of two sets of opposing ideals. We should stop defining each other by what we are not and start defining ourselves by who we are. We can all be freer and this is what HeForShe is about. It’s about freedom. I want men to take up this mantle so their daughters, sisters and mothers can be free from prejudice but also so their sons have permission to be vulnerable and human, too and in doing so, be a more true and complete version of themselves.
You might think, ‘Who is this Harry Potter girl? What is she doing at the U. N.?’ And it’s a really good question — I’ve been asking myself the same thing. All I know is that I care about this problem and I want to make it better. And having seen what I’ve seen and given the chance, I feel my responsibility to say something. Statesman Edmund Burke said all that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for good men and women to do nothing.
In my nervousness for this speech and my moments of doubt, I’ve told myself firmly, ‘If not me, who? If not now, when?’ If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you, I hope that those words will be helpful because the reality is, if we do nothing, it will take 75 years or for me, to be nearly 100, before women can expect to be paid the same as men for the same work — 15.5 million girls will be married in the next 16 years as children and at current rates, it won’t be until 2086 before all rural African girls can have a secondary education.
If you believe in equality, you might be one of those inadvertent feminists that I spoke of earlier and for this, I applaud you. We are struggling for a uniting word but the good news is that we have a uniting movement. It is called HeForShe. I am inviting you to step forward to be seen and to ask yourself, ‘If not me, who? If not now, when?’ Thank you very, very much.